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Pesach Laws 5778   Bedika/Bitul/Biur At Home and on                                                the The Road

 
 
 
 
Bedikat and Biur/Bitul Chametz
 
If you will be at home for Yom Tov, you do Bedikat Chametz on Thursday night, March 29, as soon as possible after nightfall (7:55pm this year) with a blessing, candle, and the 10 pieces of bread or other chametz (if that is your custom), and the night-time Bitul (nullification) formula. Most haggadot (and siddurim) have the liturgy and details. On Erev Pesach, Friday, March 30, chametz is burned and nullified by the end of the 5th halakhic hour of the day (11:41am this year). If you are traveling for Yom Tov, things may be different. See below.
 
Traveling for Pesach: Bedikat Chametz in your home
 
Regardless of your destination and intent to return home during Pesach, your house should be in condition that if you had to return home, you would not encounter any chametz. Clean for any significant pieces of food and put any chametz away and mark the areas. Fill out a sale of chametz form for your home.
1) If you will still be home on Thursday night, do Bedikat Chametz as normal. Do Biur/Bitul Chametz wherever you are on Friday.
2) If you will already have left your home by Thursday night, do Bedikat Chametz the last night you are at home, after nightfall, without a blessing. Do Biur/Bitul Chametz wherever you are on Friday.
 
Traveling for Pesach: Bedikat/Biur/Bitul Chametz in your Pesach location
 
If you're in a hotel, or a rental, you need to do Bedikah there. If you are a guest in someone’s home, even if they are not there, you have no obligation (although you may wish to make sure before Friday morning that you won’t see any chametz over Pesach!). Just remember to say the second 'kol chamira' nullification formula on Friday morning, having your chametz at home in mind.
1) If you’ll be in your Pesach location by Thursday night, do the same Bedikah you would have done if you were at home: candle, 10 pieces of bread, say the blessing beforehand, and Bitul formula afterward. Do Biur in that Pesach location the next morning as you would if you were home. If burning is a big inconvenience, flush it down the toilet. Don't throw it in the garbage in case it won't be collected before Pesach. Remember to say the second 'kol chamira' nullification formula together with the Biur (all following what's in many haggadot in the beginning) having your chametz at home in mind as well.
2) If you won’t be in your Pesach location until Friday morning, the question arises whether you have an obligation to do a Bedikah in that location. If your rental agreement began by Thursday night and you had the keys by then, even if you were not in that location yet, you should check as soon as you arrive. Biur and Bitul must be done by the end of the 5th halakhic hour regardless of where you are.
 
 
 
Thursday, March 8, 2018
21 Adar 5778
Mon, June 18 2018 5 Tammuz 5778